Over Pronation

Normal Foot Movement

Your heel swings from side to side as your foot moves. When the heel swings correctly, your foot can flatten and regain its arch as you walk. But if your heel swings too much, your foot may flatten more than it should. Over time, such excess movement may cause foot problems.

Over Pronation

When the heel hits the ground, its outer edge touches first. Soft tissues (muscles, tendons, and ligaments) relax. Your foot is able to flatten, adapt to uneven surfaces, and absorb the shock of touchdown.

Over Pronation

During mid stance, your heel is below the anklebone, and the front and back of your foot are aligned. Your foot easily bears your weight.

Over Pronation

As the heel lifts, it swings slightly to the inside. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments tighten. Your foot regains its arch, allowing your toes to push your weight off the ground.

Over Pronation

One of the most common causes of foot and leg discomfort is a condition known as over pronation. Normal pronation, or "turning inward", of the foot is necessary as the foot adapts to the ground. With over pronation, however, the arch flattens, collapses, and soft tissues stretch. This causes the joint surfaces to function at unnatural angles to each other. When this happens, joints that should be stable now become very loose and flexible. At first, over pronation may cause fatigue. As the problem gets worse, strain on the muscles, tendons, and ligaments of the foot and lower leg can cause permanent problems and deformities.


1. When standing, your heels lean inward.

Over Pronation

2. When standing, one or both of your knee caps turn inward.

3. Conditions such as a flat feet or bunions may occur.

4. You develop knee pain when you are active or involved in athletics. The knee pain slowly goes away when you rest.

5. You abnormally wear out the soles and heels of your shoes very quickly.


Symptoms can manifest in many different ways. The associated conditions depend on the individual lifestyle of each patient. Here is a list of some of the conditions associated with Over Pronation:

  1. Hallux Abducto Valgus (bunions)
  2. Hallux Rigidus (stiff 1st toe)
  3. Arch Pain
  4. Heel Pain (plantar fascitis)
  5. Metatarsalgia (ball of the foot pain)
  6. Ankle sprains
  7. Shin Splints
  8. Achilles Tendonitis
  9. Osteochondrosis
  10. Knee Pain
  11. Corns & Calluses
  12. Flat Feet
  13. Hammer Toes


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"Dr Foot Sports Insoles give your feet proper arch support, helping to prevent over pronation. The use of insoles reduces the muscle activity of the lower leg, feels more comfortable and improves performance"


"I have just received my insoles and they are fantastic, already I can feel the difference and its the first day, I did not need to wear them for two hours, I wore them all day, and my feet and ankles felt brilliant all day, I have been really suffering of late, as I roll over like your diagram.

I used to go to the Bio-Mechanics section for Orthotics at my local hospital, but I believe they have stopped the service and I have suffered ever since.

I bought your insoles, but did not want to risk ordering the two pairs for £40, as did not know if they would suit, I now wish I had, is there anyway I could order a second pair now and take advantage of that discount, or is it too late, as I can see I will be moving them from one pair of shoes to the other as they are so brilliant.

Many thanks for the speedy delivery and your wonderful product."

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